Topic: Modeling White Nose Syndrome (WNS) in Bats at the Individual and Colony Levels: Epizootiology and Management
Meeting dates: June 29 - July 1, 2009
Thomas G. Hallam (Dept. of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville)
Gary F. McCracken (Dept. of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville)
Objectives. The epizootiology of White Nose Syndrome (WNS) in bats is best described as partially understood. Indeed, there are uncertainties and questions about the pathogenesis of the disease although it is understood that the fungi Geomyces sp. play a significant role in the onset and progression of the disease. The purpose of this workshop was to develop modeling directions to help assist in the understanding of the temporal and spatial scales, the pathology, and the physiology of bats during WNS stress and ultimately to lead to managed control of the disease.
Evaluation report (PDF)
Summary Report. The NIMBioS Investigative Workshop on White Nose Syndrome in Bats (WNS) was held on June 30 – July 2, 2009 with 37 participants from all over the United States. The participants included a diverse array of academicians (primarily theoreticians and biologists), wildlife managers from NGOs, and state and federal government representatives. The focus of the workshop was to understand and mitigate WNS, which is now recognized as the major threat to bats in North America. The workshop was preceded by a webinar held on June 25 featuring 12 speakers who provided background materials necessary for the workshop. The workshop itself consisted of breakout discussion groups that focused on specialized topics and themes, and plenary discussions that focused on results and mitigation needs. Breakout discussion sessions included modeling and fungi, modeling and bat ecology relevant to WNS, modeling perspectives and utility to WNS, and modeling and management.
Recognitions and recommendations of the workshop include the following:
WNS Plans for the Future. Immediate time scale plans include organizing groups of workshop participants to meet a July 31, 2009 deadline for proposals for a special U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service funding initiative on WNS. At this stage no modeling groups have actively pursued funding for WNS research, but with impetus from this workshop, at least one modeling proposal will address this RFP. Another group that has emerged from the workshop is exploring chemical and veterinary intervention to the spread of the disease. Plans were presented to convene a small group of modelers and biologists to organize the modeling efforts for WNS, hopefully through the auspices of NIMBioS. In August, we plan to present a proposal to NIMBioS that will form a working group on WNS. This group will be a select but diverse group including several participants from the workshop.
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Pannkuk EL. 2010. Dissertation: Fungal metabolism of chiropteran integument and biomechanical damage by geomyces species.
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Souza MJ, Yarbrough JW, Cox SK. June 2012. In vitro investigation of a terbinafine impregnated subcutaneous implant. White nose syndrome symposium, Little Rock, AR.
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Pannkuk EL, Risch T, Savary B, Gilmore D, Huss M. 2009. Proposal: Fungal digestion of chiropteran integument. National Speleological Society. $5,800. Accepted.
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Simmons, M. 2009. White nose syndrome threatens state's bats. Knoxville News Sentinel
Simmons, M. 2009. National Forests close caves over bat disease. Knoxville News Sentinel
Wallrichs, M. 2010. Golf Course Habitat Improvement for Bat Conservation (DE/MD) (includes monitoring for WNS). Delaware State University, Dover, DE.
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